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His parents intended to name him Otto, but his grandfather insisted that his grandson be named after him, since their common birthday, 25 August, is the feast day of Saint Louis IX of France, patron saint of Bavaria (with "Ludwig" being the German form of "Louis"). Wagner, however, was now planning his great personal opera house at Bayreuth. Louis II, roi de Bavière (1845-1886), quatrième roi de Bavière ; Voir aussi. The king's friends and allies urged him to flee, or to show himself in Munich, and thus regain the support of the people. Dès le jour de sa mort, il est devenu le Märchenkönig, le roi de légende dont l’image s’affiche encore dans les rues de Munich et attire les foules vers les châteaux de Bavière. The King was seized just after midnight and at 4 am was taken to a waiting carriage. The men had never met the king, except for Gudden, only once, 12 years earlier, and none had ever examined him. The report declared in its final sentences that the king suffered from paranoia, and concluded, "Suffering from such a disorder, freedom of action can no longer be allowed and Your Majesty is declared incapable of ruling, which incapacity will be not only for a year's duration, but for the length of Your Majesty's life." Nous contacter : redaction[arobase]histoire-pour-tous.fr, Louis II de Bavière, roi rêveur et bâtisseur, Louis II de Bavière: Le trône et la folie, Biographies des femmes et hommes célèbres. [6], Speculation exists that Ludwig was murdered by his enemies while attempting to escape from Berg. Ludwig was notably eccentric in ways that made serving as Bavaria's head of state problematic. von Bayern – schizotype Persönlichkeit und frontotemporale Degeneration? Lidl kept his oath, at least orally, but left behind notes that were found after his death. [11][12] Otto criticized the celebration as ostentatious and heartless in a letter to his brother. Following dinner, at around 6 pm, Ludwig asked Gudden to accompany him on a further walk, this time through the Schloß Berg parkland along the shore of Lake Starnberg. ", in: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, Nr. Louis 2 de bavière 337 mots 2 pages. 13 juin 1886 à minuit. As the king dithered, his support waned. C'est bien connu, lorsque l'on aime, on ne compte pas. In the new Imperial Constitution, the Kingdom of Bavaria was able to secure for itself extensive rights, in particular regarding military sovereignty. Surtout, les châteaux, comme celui d'Herrenchiemsee, copie imparfaite du Versailles Français que Louis II avait visité avec plaisir (il s'en était notamment inspiré pour reproduire une longue galerie des glaces), étaient très onéreux, ce qui contribuait à atténuer la popularité du roi. Ludwig initially refused to support the grandiose project. The grounds contained a Venus grotto lit by electricity, where Ludwig was rowed in a boat shaped like a shell. He demanded that loans be sought from all of Europe's royalty, and remained aloof from matters of state. - Ludwig ou le Crépuscule des dieux (1973), film de Luchino Visconti. Ludwig is a major supporting character in. - Louis II de Bavière: Le trône et la folie, de Catherine Decours. He was succeeded as regent by his eldest son, also named Ludwig. Ils se seraient battus dans l'eau et le roi, plus corpulent (grand – 1m90 – et gros du fait de ses excès alimentaires) que son adversaire, l'aurait tué en le noyant. (1982) ISBN 1-86064-892-4. He disliked large public functions and avoided formal social events whenever possible, preferring a life of seclusion that he pursued with various creative projects. In intensely Catholic and socially conservative 19th-century Bavaria, the scandal of a homosexual monarch would have been intolerable. target.style.cursor = "default" [42][43] Ludwig was a very strong swimmer in his youth, the water was approximately waist deep where his body was found, and he had not expressed suicidal feelings during the crisis. Eventually, the king decided he would try to escape, but he was too late. Louis II de Bavière, le quadrant Sud Ouest, diurne, constitué des maisons 7 8 et 9, prédomine chez vous : il s'agit d'un secteur qui provoque en vous l'envie de communiquer et de fonctionner en prenant certains risques par rapport à autrui. In his right hand, he held a posy of white jasmine picked for him by his cousin the Empress Elisabeth of Austria. [6] King Maximilian's advisers had suggested that on his daily walks he might like, at times, to be accompanied by his future successor. Ludwig's only younger brother and successor, Otto, was considered insane,[39] providing a convenient basis for the claim of hereditary insanity. En proie à d'effroyables douleurs physiques, Le roi de Bavière dut affronter les contestations munichoises concernant les excès budgétaires. Louis II, roi de Bavière, par M. Ferdinand Bacun recueil de , souvenirs et d’anecdotes très savoureux, et, naturellement, le travail approfondi de M. Jacques Bainville, qui offre un exposé historique de la question indispensable à connaître, ainsi que bien des aperçus ingénieux sur la politique de cette époque Ames soeurs, Louis II de Bavière et Elisabeth d'Autriche, âmes soeurs, Philippe Collas, Rocher Eds Du. Encore un livre de Jean des Cars dans ma bibliothèque ! One account suggests that the king was shot. Étrange fut la construction architecturale du roi Louis II. Between January and March 1886, the conspirators assembled the Ärztliches Gutachten or Medical Report, on Ludwig's fitness to rule. He lived for much of the time at Castle Hohenschwangau, a fantasy castle his father had built near the Alpsee (Alp Lake) near Füssen. After searches were made for more than two hours by the entire castle staff in a gale with heavy rain, at 10:30 pm that night, the bodies of both the King and von Gudden were found, head and shoulders above the shallow water near the shore. The family also visited Lake Starnberg. N'étant pas assez riche pour avoir des colonnes de porphyre ou de lapis-lazuli, des imitations de stuc lui faisaient le même plaisir ». Louis II de Bavière, né le 25 août 1845 à Munich et mort le 13 juin 1886 au lac de Starnberg près du château de Berg, fut roi de Bavière de 1864 à 1886.. Il est connu pour la construction des fameux châteaux royaux de Louis II de Bavière.. Un souverain romantique [modifier | modifier le wikicode]. In an infamous sideshow, the commissioners were attacked by the 47-year-old baroness Spera von Truchseß,[40] out of loyalty to the king, who flailed at the men with her umbrella and then rushed to the king's apartments to identify the conspirators. Pour Bainville, le roi aurait fui et un individu, sur la berge, l'aurait abattu à distance. « Roi vierge », « roi fou », la légende a su se montrer généreuse avec Louis II de Bavière ; le destin tragique des souverains germaniques, au Nord et au Sud des Alpes, a toujours hanté l’imaginaire romantique d’une époque qui, pourtant, ne l’était plus depuis longtemps. After seeing the Bayreuth performances, Ludwig built Hundinghütte ("Hunding's Hut", based on the stage set of the first act of Wagner's Die Walküre) in the forest near Linderhof, complete with an artificial tree and a sword embedded in it. Ce château a servi de modèle à celui de la Belle au Bois Dormant ! (In Die Walküre, Siegmund pulls the sword from the tree.) Nevertheless, Ludwig increasingly withdrew from day-to-day affairs of state in favour of extravagant artistic and architectural projects. "[6][8] Ludwig was probably the savior of Wagner's career. This interest began when Ludwig first saw Lohengrin at the impressionable age of 15, followed by Tannhäuser ten months later. Son anniversaire coïncide avec la fête du roi de France Louis IX (Saint Louis), dont le sixième fils, Robert de Clermont, a engendré la branche des Bourbons. The cabinet decided to act first. Luitpold maintained the regency until his own death in 1912 at the age of 91. Louis II de Bavière entendait « demeurer une éternelle énigme pour lui et pour les autres » et le but a été atteint. Ludwig grew up there among swan images and icons, and the nearby Schwansee ("Swan Lake"). Prof. Hans Förstl, "Ludwig II. Durant la guerre franco-allemande de 1870-71, il soutient mollement la Prusse victorieuse qui proclame l'Empire dans la galerie des Glaces à Versailles, ce qui a pour conséquence la fin de l'indépendance de la Bavière. function disableSelection(target){ Unification with Prussia took center stage from 1866. Throughout his reign, Ludwig had a succession of close friendships with men, including his chief equerry and master of the horse, Richard Hornig (1841–1911),[17] the Bavarian prince Paul von Thurn und Taxis,[18] the Hungarian theater actor Josef Kainz, and his courtier Alfons Weber (b. Ce grand romantique détestait la chasse tout autant que la guerre. According to Lidl, he had hidden behind bushes with his boat, waiting to meet the king, to row him out into the lake, where loyalists were waiting to help him escape. I want to look myself, not to be a spectacle for the masses.". Prince Ludwig Ferdinand was the only member of the Bavarian royal family who always remained on friendly terms with his cousin (with the exception of Elisabeth, Empress of Austria), so Ludwig II wrote him a telegram; the latter immediately intended to follow this call, but was prevented from leaving Nymphenburg Palace by his uncle Luitpold, who was about to take over government as the ruling Prince Regent. Louis II réfuta également les déclarations antisémites de son ami. The Swan King: Ludwig II of Bavaria. [23], Between 1872 and 1885, the King had 209 private performances (Separatvorstellungen) given for himself alone or with a guest, in the two court theaters, comprising 44 operas (28 by Wagner, including eight of Parsifal), 11 ballets, and 154 plays (the principal theme being Bourbon France) at a cost of 97,300 marks. Gendarmes patrolling the park had neither seen nor heard anything unusual. Louis II de Bavière est né le 25 août 1845 au château de Nymphenburg à Munich et est mort près du lac de Starnberg en 1886. Anton Sailer's pictorial biography of the King contains a photograph of this rare document. In 1867, he visited Eugène Viollet-le-Duc's work at Pierrefonds, and the Palace of Versailles in France, as well as the Wartburg near Eisenach in Thuringia, which largely influenced the style of his construction. Il eût pu se réfugier à l'étranger – notamment en Autriche – mais ne le fit pas. A Neuschwanstein, dont la première pierre fut posée par l'architecte Jan… What exists of Herrenchiemsee comprises 8,366 square metres (90,050 sq ft), a "copy in miniature" compared with Versailles' 551,112 ft². The King's watch had stopped at 6:54. "[49], One of Ludwig's most quoted sayings was, "I wish to remain an eternal enigma to myself and to others."[50]. The two men were last seen at about 6:30 pm; they were due back at 8 pm, but never returned. It was built as Ludwig's tribute to Louis XIV of France, the magnificent "Sun King". After the Prussian victory over France, Bismarck moved to complete the Unification of Germany. [32][33][note 2] By 1885, a road and water supply had been provided at Falkenstein but the old ruins remained untouched.[34]. Site déclaré à la CNIL sous le numéro 1387308. Il est le fils de Maximilien II, roi de Bavière de 1848 à 1864, et de Marie de Hohenzollern, nièce du roi de Prusse Frédéric-Guillaume III. Ludwig was intensely interested in the operas of Richard Wagner. "[7] Later, Ludwig would refer to his mother as "my predecessor's consort". Wagner had a notorious reputation as a political radical and philanderer, and was constantly on the run from creditors. The officers and men of the Bavarian Army continued to swear their oaths to the King of Bavaria and not the German Emperor. De même pour le corps du Dr Gudden. Après un long moment, l'on s'aperçut qu'ils ne réapparaissaient pas et l'on partit bientôt à leur recherche. Louis II n'est pas seulement le plus célèbre des rois de Bavière, il est aussi le plus mystérieux. Seeking a cause to depose Ludwig by constitutional means, the rebelling ministers decided on the rationale that he was mentally ill, and unable to rule. In December 1870, Bismarck used financial concessions to induce Ludwig with the support of the king's equerry Maximilian Count von Holnstein to write the so-called Kaiserbrief, a letter endorsing the creation of the German Empire with King Wilhelm I of Prussia as Emperor. In 1867, he appointed Karl von Perfall as director of his new court theater. [21][22] Ludwig also paid for the Wahnfried villa for Wagner and his family to reside in, constructed 1872–74. His words were ambiguous (Es darf kein Pfleger mitgehen, "No attendant may come with [us]") and whether they were meant to follow at a discreet distance is not clear. After the engagement was broken off, Ludwig wrote to his former fiancée, "My beloved Elsa! The officers and men of the Bavarian Army continued to swear their oaths to the King of Bavaria and not the German Emperor. Groupe important pour les visites mais réactif et discipliné.

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