The AICPA believes U.S. adoption of a single set of high-quality, globally accepted accounting standards will benefit U.S. financial markets and public companies by enabling preparation of transparent and comparable financial reports throughout the world. The AICPA is committed to providing the accounting profession with the information and tools, such as the Web site, needed to assimilate and implement a new set of standards. Initial efforts focused onharmonization—reducing differences among the accounting principles used in major capital markets around the world. By the 1990s, the notion of harmonization was replaced by the concept ofconvergence—the development of a unified set of high-quality, international accounting standards that would be used in at least all major capital markets.


Disrupted supply chains, inflation, natural disasters, geopolitical events and the COVID-19 pandemic continue to create issues and risks. Companies continue to face challenges in assessing the impacts and providing meaningful and relevant information to their stakeholders under both IFRS Accounting Standards and US GAAP. Let’s look at the 10 biggest differences between IFRS and GAAP accounting.

The Differences of GAAP & Tax Accounting

These allowances are made in recognition of the peculiarities of the different business models in an effort to prevent abuse or provide more detailed information about specific types of transactions. Application of GAAP by businesses is generally consistent within industries, but is less consistent when comparing practices of different industries. In comparison, the IFRS establishes general principles and does not make exceptions for industries or specific situations. The two main sets of accounting standards followed by businesses are GAAP and IFRS. GAAP is the accounting standard used in the US, while IFRS is the accounting standard used in over 110 countries around the world. GAAP is considered a more “rules based” system of accounting, while IFRS is more “principles based.” The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is looking to switch to IFRS by 2015.


She called for renewed emphasis on us accounting vs international accounting accounting standards that would best serve investors through collaboration between FASB and IASB. The International Accounting Standards Committee, formed in 1973, was the first international standards-setting body. It was reorganized in 2001 and became an independent international standard setter, the International Accounting Standards Board . As of 2013, the European Union and more than 100 other countries either require or permit the use of international financial reporting standards issued by the IASB or a local variant of them.

From the course: Accounting Foundations: Leases

These principles are dictated by the International Accounting Standards Board and followed in many countries outside the US. The video below compares the treatment of fixed assets under IFRS and GAAP. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International.

  • The main objective of accounting standards is to disclose a company’s financial health to investors, creditors, lenders, contributors, and other key stakeholders, which helps those parties make strategic business decisions and invest in new opportunities.
  • Our Standards are developed by our two standard-setting boards, the International Accounting Standards Board and International Sustainability Standards Board .
  • He also expressed concerns about the fair value emphasis of IFRS and the influence of accountants from non-common-law regions, where losses have been recognised in a less timely manner.
  • GAAP protocols do not allow the asset value to increase after the impairment.
  • The team holds expertise in the well-established payment schemes such as UK Direct Debit, the European SEPA scheme, and the US ACH scheme, as well as in schemes operating in Scandinavia, Australia, and New Zealand.

GAAP versus IFRS comparison chart GAAPIFRSStands for Generally Accepted Accounting Principles International Financial Reporting Standards Introduction Standard guidelines and structure for typical financial accounting. Universal financial reporting method that allows international businesses to understand each other and work together. Under IFRS, company management is expressly required to consider the framework if there is no standard or interpretation for an issue. Objectives of financial statements In general, broad focus to provide relevant info to a wide range of stakeholders. In general, broad focus to provide relevant info to a wide range of stakeholders.